- Smoking was associated with pain in every region of the body among current smokers, with the strongest associations with spine, head, trunk, and limb pain.
Why this matters
- The study is the first to identify associations between smoking and pain in specific body regions.
- Cross-sectional, population-based nationwide survey analyzed 2370 participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2004).
- Funding: None.
- There were 1054 smokers and 1316 nonsmokers.
- Smoking was associated (P<.05 with: style="list-style-type:circle;">
- spine (OR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.21-3.77),
- head (OR, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.73-3.53),
- trunk (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.45-2.74), and
- limb pain (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.45-2.73).
- Details on pain severity and duration not included.
Coauthored with Chitra Ravi, MPharm