Eczema is a risk for lower calcium intake in adolescents

  • Hildebrand H & al.
  • Nutrients
  • 12/12/2019

  • Emily Willingham, PhD
  • Clinical Essentials
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Takeaway

  • Children with eczema tend to have reduced calcium intake in adolescence, even if their condition resolves before then.
  • Girls in this study were susceptible to this lower calcium intake, whereas boys were not.

Why this matters

  • Compensating with other sources of calcium, such as fortified foods or leafy greens, may need to be done with intention, and is worth discussing with patients.

Key results

  • 13.3% had eczema resolved by adolescence.
  • Calcium intake in adolescence was nonsignificantly lower in those with eczema during childhood compared with in those without (β, −0.60; 95% CI, −1.25 to 0.04; P=.06).
  • Girls, in particular, had lower calcium intake if they had eczema vs girls who did not (β, −0.84; 95% CI, −1.60 to −0.08).
  • Children with eczema were less likely (ORs, 95% CIs) to have consumed:
    • Specific dairy foods once weekly: 0.44 (0.25-0.78).
    • Skim milk: 0.59 (0.29-1.19; not significant).
    • Leafy greens: 0.60 (0.26-1.41, not significant).
  • Girls with eczema were especially likely to not have specific dairy foods once weekly.

Study design

  • Study of 468 children born in Manitoba, Canada, in 1995, assessed at ages 12-14 years for dairy/calcium intake after diagnosis at ages 7-8 years with eczema or food allergy.
  • Funding: AllerGen NCE; University of Manitoba; others.

Limitations

  • Mostly white population from a single region.
  • Some important dairy sources of calcium omitted.